出處:windows 家庭版本,安装docker(非Docker Toolbox)
親測有效,把以下存成 .bat 用系統管理員執行

安裝Hyper-V

pushd "%~dp0"
dir /b %SystemRoot%\servicing\Packages\*Hyper-V*.mum >hyper-v.txt
for /f %%i in ('findstr /i . hyper-v.txt 2^>nul') do dism /online /norestart /add-package:"%SystemRoot%\servicing\Packages\%%i"
del hyper-v.txt
Dism /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Hyper-V -All /LimitAccess /ALL
pause

安裝Containers

pushd "%~dp0"
dir /b %SystemRoot%\servicing\Packages\*containers*.mum >containers.txt
for /f %%i in ('findstr /i . containers.txt 2^>nul') do dism /online /norestart /add-package:"%SystemRoot%\servicing\Packages\%%i"
del containers.txt
dism /online /enable-feature /featurename:Containers -All /LimitAccess /ALL
pause

重開後,再用系統管理員執行CMD,執行以下命令

REG ADD "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion" /v EditionId /T REG_EXPAND_SZ /d Professional /F

最後到官網抓Docker CE Desktop 下來安裝

謝謝那位大神。